Spinal cord injury is the damage that can be caused to any part of the spinal cord or the nerve at the end of the spinal canal. It often causes a permanent change in strength, sensation and other body functions below the site of injury.
The spinal cord contains a bunch of nerves and other tissues that the vertebrae of the spine protect. The vertebrae are the bones piled up on top of each other that forms the spine. The spine contains many nerves, that emerges from the brain’s base down the back and ends close to the buttocks.
The spinal cord is responsible for sending the message from the brain to all parts of the body and vice-versa. We are able to feel pain and move our limbs just because of the messages sent to the brain through the spinal cord.
In the case of a complete spinal cord injury, there is a complete loss of sensation and muscle function below the level of injury.
A spinal cord injury is often caused due to an unpredictable accident or violent event. This may result in permanent damage to vertebrae, ligaments or disks of the spinal column or even the spinal cord itself. The most common cause is Trauma.
A traumatic spinal cord injury may stem from a sudden traumatic stroke to your spine that fractures, dislocates or compresses one or more of your vertebrae. It may also result from a gunshot or a knife wound that penetrates or cuts your spinal cord.
A non-traumatic spinal cord injury may be caused because of arthritis, cancer, infections or dist degeneration of the spine.
Your ability to control your limbs depends on two factors that are the place of injury in your spinal cord and the severity of the injury to the spinal cord.
It usually depends on the nature and severity of the injury that how much time a person will take to recover from the injury. Sometimes the patient recovers from the injury miraculously within months and other needs physical therapy to recover and still makes very little progress in recovery.
The most common thing of Spinal cord injury is that its treatment is started before you even go to the doctor. And staying still means avoid moving your spinal column, and prompt emergency care. They can all increase the chances that you survive while minimizing the long-term effects of your injury.
Its treatment basically depends on the severity of the injury. Rehabilitation and assistive devices help many people with spinal cord injuries to lead gainful and independent lives. Its treatment includes drugs, medications to reduce its symptoms and surgery to stabilize the spine.
1. Supportive care: An assistive care in breathing is done with the help of a machine or device. Hydrotherapy using water to relieve pain, it treats diseases and also maintains health. For example, mineral baths and hot tubs.
2. Medication: Such as muscle relaxation to help relieve muscle pain and discomfort, taking steroids can help you reduce inflammation and help you in tissue growth and repair.
3. Surgery: Surgery is the only method that is mostly chosen. In this case, the spinal cord is gone through a surgical treatment to correct the abnormalities of the spinal cord.
4. Therapies: Therapy is taken both before and after the surgery, as it helps in recovering from the injury much faster. Usually, Rehabilitation (retraining the brain’s pathways to improve mental and physical illness after the injury), is done for the recovery.
Dr. Ashish is a skillful & Passionate, BTP graduate Physiotherapist. Dr. Ashish persists a remarkable and recognizable experience of 6 years. He is exceptionally specialized for Neuromusculoskeletal & cerebral palsy condition deformities. Along with the super specialty in Childhood Disability, Rehabilitation, Ergonomics, Neurodevelopment therapy, Ortho physiotherapy, Kinesiology, & taping.