Cerebral Palsy is a congenital and neurological disorder that affects the movements, muscle tone, and motor skills of a child. In most of the cases, it is caused by brain damage when the baby is in uterus or shortly after the birth. Sometimes the vision and hearing sensation are also affected because of Cerebral Palsy.
It basically refers to a set of disorders which affect the movements of the body parts. Let’s take an example, in this case, one child with cerebral palsy may end up developing a certain disorder but another child with cerebral palsy may end up with some other disorder.
Cerebral Palsy is the most common movement disorder in children and more than 1 million cases are seen every year in India. It is moderately preventable through immunization of the mother and to prevent head injuries in children, proper care needs to be implemented through improved safety.
To know about its Types, Symptoms and its Treatment read the full post.
There are various types of Cerebral palsy that affects various parts of the brain. Each of the types causes specific movement disorder.
Spastic Cerebral Palsy is the most common disorder affecting around 77% of all the people with CP. It causes stiff muscles and amplifies reflexes, making it difficult to move. Many people have walking abnormalities who are affected with CP, such as crossing knees, problem while sitting and standing. Paralysis and muscle weakness may be present and muscle tend to become stiffer the more the child moves.
This is also known as dystonic (Twisting movements) & athetoid (slow, writhing movements) and is the second most common Cerebral Palsy disorder affecting approximately 3% of all the cases of the disorder. This disorder can cause involuntary, abnormal movements in the legs and hands.
In Hypnotic Cerebral Palsy, the arms and legs feel relaxed and move very easily. It causes moderate muscle tone and overly relaxed muscle. Babies with this type of CP disorder have insignificant control over their head and may have difficulty while breathing. As they grow older, they may struggle to sit up straight as a result of their weakened muscles. They can also have poor reflexes, difficulty in speaking, and walking abnormalities.
Ataxic Cerebral Palsy is the least common CP and is usually characterized by shaky movements, jerky legs, incoordination, poor balance, and tremors. People mostly don’t take much caution in such cases and it is also not that much of an issue if someone is affected by this type of Cerebral Palsy.
This Mixed Cerebral Palsy is characterized by a combination of two or more Cerebral Palsy. Spastic-Dyskinetic CP is the most common type of mixed cerebral palsy. Sometimes cases related to mixed cerebral palsy become more complex to handle. So proper care must be taken of the patient.
Symptoms may vary from person to person who is affected by the aforementioned types of Cerebral Palsy. It depends if the person is affected by Spastic CP or Dyskinetic CP or any other and the symptoms may vary according to the type of CP.
There is no cure for Cerebral Palsy but treatment can help manage its symptoms and can help you increase self-determination.
Medication can help you treat and most probably stop incrementation of the disorder. And depending on the type of disorder and the condition of the patient, the medication might take a long period of time to treat the Cerebral Palsy. Usually, medications are used to help control pain, spastic movements, and seizures.
Surgery is sometimes the only treatment option left in most of the cases, like in a mixed cerebral palsy and depending on the current condition of the patient, surgery can help treat the CP to some extent. Surgery also may include tight/stiff muscle repair, surgery to reduce spasticity, and nerve root repair.
Therapy can be taken before as well as after the surgery. It not only helps people with cerebral palsy with physical but also mental, social, and academic benefits. Therapy for cerebral palsy is usually combined with other treatments such as drug therapy, surgery, and assistive technology which provides more health benefits.
Currently, there is no cure for cerebral palsy. Still, it is important to have proper treatment to reduce its symptoms as soon as possible. And if you can identify the early signs of CP then it is advised to book an appointment, consult the doctor and start taking prescribed precautions as soon as possible.
Dr. Ashish is a skillful & Passionate, BTP graduate Physiotherapist. Dr. Ashish persists a remarkable and recognizable experience of 6 years. He is exceptionally specialized for Neuromusculoskeletal & cerebral palsy condition deformities. Along with the super specialty in Childhood Disability, Rehabilitation, Ergonomics, Neurodevelopment therapy, Ortho physiotherapy, Kinesiology, & taping.